automatically translated :
Recordings of Max Steinwachs (Geneva/1939).
The author (Max Steinwachs) did not note itself exactly in his recordings.
It might concern however the son of the Friedrich Steinwachs with the Anna
Schaffanger. This is to have been juwelier in Geneva.
Furthermore the excerpts from documents, church book copies and the
descendant boards, mentioned in the text, are not unfortunately in my
possession (still available? Where?).
F A M I L I E N S T E I N W A C H S
The following recordings are from Max Steinwachs, Geneva, Switzerland,
the copies from the church books of the different localities, received
Goettingen, ev. luth. Office for church book, pc. Marien,
Goettingen, Goettinger citizen book, of Dr. jur. Meyemann
Hildesheim, ev. luth. Office for town church, pc. Lamberti
Hildesheim, Bischhoefliches Generalvikariat
Installation-hit a corner, ev. luth. Office for church book, pc. Mariae,
Lamspringe, message of the Cantorats Lamspringe concerning, by CAN gate
Joh. Heinrich Andreas, 1827
Lamspringe, ev. luth. Municipality Lamspringe - documents in public
records Hanover, No. H. A 74 Alfeld HB II 24 No. 6, Lamspringe, new yard
& Woellersheim grazed
Kathol. Pfarrgemeinde Lamspringe, by kath. Office for church book Diozoese
Fredelsloh in the being, ev. luth. Church book
Lutter to ingot mountains, ev. luth. Church municipality
Bodenstein with lutter (Mahlum), ev. luth. Church municipality
Riga (Livland) cathedral Petri, baptizing book 1753-1800, baptizing book
Trusting book 1712-1842,
Dead book 1756-1793,
House book, Buergeroklad 1811, 1816, 1834,
Kassel, residents' registration office
Cologne, residents' registration office
These excerpts were supplied in the years 1935 to 1939, partially
completely and literally as in the documents registered, also with the
names of the godfathers etc., if such were registered in the registers.
Such data permit sometimes completely interesting conclusions.
That during a marriage its carrying in Goettingen, pc. Marien is missing,
to 23.8.1760 the name of the bridegroom, to the freely left place a later
hand a question mark is mentioned set. During a baptizing entry in the
church book Lamspringe to 29.6.1756 stands among other things the CAN gate
Uxor with a young Soehnlein was lucky relieved, and the names of the 5
godfathers. However the names of father and nut/mother are missing. The
name of the father could be determined by a book over: Cantorat in
Lamspringe. In this year, until 1775, was CAN gate = Johann George stone
wax. In public records in Hanover, over the bearing in Lamspringe, new
yard, to Woellersheim in the circle Alfeld, was found the same birth later,
with indication of the father: CAN gate Steinwachs, together with the same
godfathers as notes in Lamspringe. Probably that has CAN gate, or minister,
which entry made, which names forget, but for Alfeld the announcement
correctly with the name of the father executed.
A surely consciously wrong age indication was also discovered: Katharina
Maria Michaelis, verwittwete Tralow, has itself to 2. Times marries in
Wittstock (Dosse) at the 1.9.1795. Her 2. Husband, Gottfried Meienberg, is
registered, 25 years old, the wife 30 year. But its birth and baptizing
entry in Wittstock announce: born 7.7.1762. Therefore was Maria Michaelis
at their 2. Wedding days 33 years, 2 months old, thus by 3 years made
itself younger, in order to reduce the disparity in age.
From the church books usually all entries copied concerning the stone
wax, in the desired time periods, not only the direct ancestors and
descendants. This loaded the following lists and will let it appear
unclear in the first moment. Is best to break open during reading the
One finds individual persons and families, over whose origin and the
further whereabouts still nothing was found. However by the names of the
godfathers, the first names of the children, indication of parents of the
bride people, also by the death entry distorting shank between the
families was determined partially as safe, partially as very probable.
As domiciles were determined documentary, between the years 1676 to
Goettingen 1676 - 1847
Installation-hit a corner 1717 - 1792
Hildesheim 1764 - 1779
Lamspringe 1751 - 1923
Fredelsloh 1780 - 1935
Suelbeck with Stoeckheim 1747
From 1800 on the domiciles are in many places, to a large extent into
landing Braunschweig, Hanover and Hessen, some in Thuringia, Saxonia,
bathing, Elsass and Rhine country
Few emigrated, returned after Riga, but, and to north and South America,
Yet documentary proven fuehere domiciles are not mentioned: Benzhausen
in Hennebergi, Schmalkalden 1666, Oberufhausen in the circle Huenfeld
1750, calibration field in Thuringia, Wollmershausen with Goettingen, in
Kassel were found on the residents' registration office in the year 1936
against 30 names Steinwachs, of it a part native from Oberufhausen.
In summary: Domiciles from 1676 to 1800 in Thuringia, southern Hanover,
Braunschweig and Hessen.
After a report of the old-catholic city minister petrol stone wax in
Mannheim from the year 1934, is its family after verbal excessive quantity
of cure country, the Baltic, moves to Thuringia, from there to
Schmalkalden, and then to Oberufhausen, circle Huenfeld, Hessen. The
origin from the cure country is certainly possible, must be accepted
however nevertheless with much restraint, as long as no documents are
present. Like verbal excessive quantities to spread we can see a large
mistake at the following:
Still in the year 1934 the major general Adolf Steinwachs wrote the city
minister petrol Steinwachs mentioned above among other things: "we
children knew only from our family Steinwachs that we Russian descent would
be, of name cousins nothing at all, etc.." To guendlicher
investigation in Riga, Livland, came the copies of the documents from
church books, Ratsprotocolle, Gildenregister, which resulted in a very
clear picture of the origin:
Johann Justus Tobias Steinwachs, geb. 31,3,1774 too installation-hit a
corner, has itself already to 14.1.1795 too installation-hit a corner
married, 2 children from this marriage (with marrying these children as a
father one mentioned). It seems to have lost its first wife early. When he
came to Riga, we do not know yet. But to 2.7.1803 it asks, brings for
distribution of the citizen right in Riga the proof of its origin, its
training as a buyer with Haake in Celle, etc.. To 15.7.1804 it is
recognized the citizen right of gosser gilde able, marries themselves to
17.7.1804 with the daughter of the buyer chopping man, the first 4
children is born in Riga, still the year ago 1815 or 1816 leaves it Riga
and moves first to Karlsruhe, then to Baden-Baden, apparent as a very
wealthy man. Parents and grandparents of this Johann Justus Tobias stone
wax could then in installation-hit a corner by documents to be determined.
After all appearance the still older ancestors of this family originate
Thus the "Russian origin" is a mistake, it was only a temporary
stay in Riga of approximately 16 years. In installation-hit a corner lived
it still with his first wife until 1798 and around 1815-1816 was it with
family of the second marriage in Karlsruhe.
The schreibart of the name was in all documents Steinwachs, with
exception of: Goettingen, 8,11,1714, marriage of the Johann Andreas
Steinwax, with the baptism of its three first children 1715.1722.1724
likewise Steinwax, with the baptism of senes 4. Child 1731 and with its
death in the year 1763 = Steinwachs.
Furthermore in lutter to ingot mountains Johann Heinrich Arend Steinwachs different marks with of the Steinbach's registered with baptism children:
1817, 1818, 1820, also godfather and patin are written Steinbach. In 6
other entries in the same register the name was written = Steinwachs. Also
its wife is represented in 4 different schreibarten with baptism and
Konfirmation: 1817, 1818, 1820, 1821, 1842 with the name Barse, 1824, 1826
= pair, 1824 = Barsch, and 1829 = bars. A mistake with other persons is
impossible, since both spouses with their first names are registered
always. The minister or Kantor has anyhow the names written like he her
Also mistakes could often be determined concerning the age, because one
noted in the registers of deaths in former times usually:
.......Jahre.......Monate........Tage old. The indication of the date of
birth was missing. There one probably sometimes charged oneself, or the
relatives of the deceased did not know date of birth exactly.
With the excerpts perhaps also error will occur, because the handwriting
in the old church books is often with difficulty legible.
The documents call often the occupation, one find among the aeltest
in Goettingen and installation-hit a corner: 1684 Pulvermacher, 1678
stone-cutter, 1683 soldier, 1715 soldier, 1733 to 1792 Knopfmacher, 1750
garden man, 1764 cutters, 1795 buyer.
in Lamspringe: 1755 CAN gate, 1780 Knopfmacher, 1816 shoemakers.
in Fredelsloh: 1780 shoemakers
From 1800 to the present one finds in the different lines: Mueller,
Zimmermann, Schneider, Buchbinder, Gastwirt, Hausschaechter, Gaertner,
Dekorateur, Zigarrenfabrikant, Zigarrenhandel, Lakiermeister, Maler,
Goldschmied, engraver, silver Silberschmied, buyer, student medicine,
teacher, secretary, engineer, minister evang. luth., ministers Roman
kath., minister Altkath., Unterfeldmeister, captain, lieutenant colonel,
After this list those are not Steinwachs since 1678 farmer sex. Here and
there the craftsmen, restaurant operators/barkeepers in the villages and
towns kept, also cattle possessed to something garden and field, but more
than additional occupation. They nevertheless predominantly worked a
little in the restaurant operator/barkeeper shank, market garden in
handicraft and arts and crafts, as buyers, selected partially the military
occupation and also the religious in the three denominations. The
scientific career seems to tighten only the growing up generation. But the
musical occupations are missing.
Are subsequently, the occupations registers the Lienien stone wax =
Goettingen - installation-hit a corner - Riga - Baden-Baden.
F A M I L I E S T E I N W A C H S
A.) Line Lamspringe - Hanover, originally evang. luth., by marriage
since 1781 roem. catholic
B.) Probably expired to line in the man trunk
C.) Line Lamspringe - Fredelsloh - bodenstein/lutter
The investigations to end of the yearly 1938 led partially after
Lamspringe. There around 1750 three families Steinwachs were found, over
whose verwandschaftlichen connection to today the certainty is missing.
A.) Justus Steinwachs, married with Bieling, inherited a house in the
year 1780, in the today's Adolf Hitler STR. No. 5. house land register No.
4, this house had in former times Braugerechtsame. The oldest determined
owner was Mstr. Henrich light TIG in the year 1693. The following owner,
bricklayer Dominikus barrier man, married with light TIG, inherited the
house 1728. Then Andreas Bieling, married with barrier man, inherited
1754. Now 1780 as an inheritance Justus stone wax followed, married with
Bieling. All following 7 owners carry the name stone wax, until 1923,
since today's owner is bricklayer master William sour, married with Minna
This house today always changed over thus since 1693 until to sons-in-law,
sons or brothers hereditary. A son of the Justus Steinwachs was August
Ludwig Steinwachs, Knopfmacher, evang. luth., which married itself to
1.7.1781 in Lamspringe with Veronika Bieling, roem. kath.. 7 children
issued to this marriage and formed now a catholic line, by which a
ziehmlich complete descendant board was set up. The data follow in other
place. B.) George Christoph Steinwachs, geb. around 17.11.1723 (?),
marries with Cath. Marg. Hennies, 3 children: Johann Andreas, Johanna
Catharina and Maria Christina George Christoph Steinwachs had a house in
the year 1751 inherited in the today's Adolf Hitler STR. No. 35. land
register No. 30. The former two owners of house were Andreas Hennies,
1709, and Heinrich Hennies, 1688. The house in the year 1777 sold at Joh.
Heinrich Eikemeier. ("Eikemeier bought its cousin house.") One
can probably assume that the 1752 born son died or twisted. Probably this
line in the man trunk expired. In public records Hanover, hectar, 74,
Alfeld H B II 24 Nr.6, listings of the bearing in Lamspringe of 1690-1766:
1754 NR. 9: George Christoph Steinwachs. Child: Joh. Katharine, Geb.
22.V.1754, Morg. 4. Baptized 25.V., gestorb. 11.2.1839. Gevattern: Mrs.
Windhausen out installation-hit a corner, Hennigs woman. 1756 Nr.9: Mstr.
George Christoph Steinwachs. Child: Marie Christine, geb. 17 July at night,
baptized 20 July. Gevattern: Mstr. cracking RTS Mrs., Gerhard of hair
Mrs., Mstr. J. Wilh. RAM mountain the first child: Joh. Andreas, geb.
17,9,1752 to Lamspringe is not mentioned in Hanover. If no mistake is
present with the marriage date 2,2,1751 (2) to Lamspringe, then one could
assume that George Christoph stone wax, geb. 8,10,1724 to Goettingen first
after installation-hit a corner moves is, after the death of his first
Mrs. Anna Marie wind living, died 8,4,1751 in installation-hit a corner,
after Lamspringe twisted. It is nevertheless strange that with the second
child wind living out installation-hit a corner as Gevatter comes.
Strangely also that the Kantor Johann George Steinwachs is married with a
Kistner, and the Knopfmacher Johann Augustus stone wax, resident in
installation-hit a corner, had also as a first woman a Kistner. Thus
continue to look for whether the Kistner from Lamspringe perhaps are, and
the stone wax (3) in Lamspringe from the lines installation-hit a corner
and Goettingen comes. C.) Johann George stone wax, CAN gate in
Lamspringe, in Lamspringe since 1750-1751, was selected 1755 to the CAN
gate and frightened 1775 of its service. Married with Johanne farm servant.
Kistner, 4 children 1st geb 1747 in Suelbeck, 2. Johanne Carolina
Christian. Charlotte, geb. 08,02,1750 in Suelbeck 3. Catharina Magdalena,
geb. 17,12,1752 in Lamspringe 4. Carl Andreas, geb. 29,06,1756 in
Lamspringe place of birth, date of birth, marriage of the spouses
Steinwachs - Kistner, as well as names and residence their parents were
not found until 1939. The first church-official entry of this family is in
the register of deaths ev. luth. Municipality in Lamspringe, class 1751,
page 169, No. 921st = "Johanna Carolina Scharlotte stone wax, died in
Lamspringe on 6 October 1751, bury on 8.10.. Old 1 year 8 months less 2
days. Parents: Cantoris Steinwachs, nut/mother not indicated. Note: so
1750 the 8. Fbruar in the morning "between 6-7 to Suelbeck born."
Unfortunately are the church books of Suelbeckbei Stoeckheim, circle
installation-hit a corner, (in former times to the office salt the hero)
the year ago 1789 burned, so that no official documents can be issued. It
is however a small, remained remaining alphabetical listing present, in it
is the following data, according to which 2 children are born: Stone wax,
Joh. geo. Johanne farm servant. Kistner -- 1747, No. 13, 1750, No. 9
besides can be mentioned that in installation-hit a corner the Knopfmacher
Augustus Steinwachs, geb. around 1717, in first marriage was married with
Ilse Marg. Kistner. Marriage sort and Datum not yet found, but 6 children
born too installation-hit a corner between 1741-1755. This woman died to
4.3.1759 too installation-hits a corner, 48 years old, therefore born
around 1711, approximately 6 years older than their husband. It is
possible the fact that both stone wax brothers or cousins, both Kistner
sisters or Basen was, and both families in the proximity of
installation-hit a corner and Goettingen lived. Second kirchl. Entry is
1752, page 1004, NR. 1044, Lamspringe, birth of the Catharina Magdalena
stone wax, baptized to 17.12.1752, 20.12.1752. Parents: Cantoris
Steinwachs, nut/mother with names not mentioned, godfathers: Mr. mayor
Johann Juergen Kelb's Mrs., Mr. Johann Jobst Prenzlers Mrs., Heinrich
Christoph Breier, Johann Christian Philips. The third entry is class 1756,
page 1012, No. 62, which became 29 June at noon between 11 and 12 o'clock
the CAN gate Uxor with a young Soehnlein lucky relieved, which was
baptized 1 July. Gevattern were Mr. Pastor Rath, Mr. Dannenberg, Mr. mayor
Arnecken, Andr. Niesmans Uxor and the junior Knoepfels Uxor. The Soehnlein
is Carl Andreas genandt which God Weish. older and grace in Munda et caele........(letztes
word illegibly) it is missing the names of father and nut/mother of the
Taeuflings. But in public records Hanover, file reference hectar of 74
Alfeld HB II 24 No. 6 = listing of the bearing in Lamspringe, new yard and
Woellersheim are literal the following entries, 1752 No. 26 Kantor stone
wax. Child: Katharine Magdalene born 17.XII 1752 night 10th baptized 20.
XII. died 20. III. 1834. Gevattern: H. Buergermstr. Kelbs Mrs., Joh. Jobst
Prenzlers Mrs., Heinrich Christoph Breier, Joh. Christian Philips's 1756
No. 8 Kantor stone wax, child: Carl Andreas, born 29.VI.1756 along 11,
baptized 1.VII. Gevattern: H. Minister Rath, H. Dannenberg, H. mayor
Arnecke, Andreas Niesmans Mrs., Koepfels June. Mrs. Man may assume that
the entry in Lamspringe was made by the minister Rath or by the CAN gate
Steinwachs to indicate the surnames has one forgotten. But the birth
registration after Alfeld was drawn up in the correct form. To be
mentioned the unfortunately also following from the "messages of the
Cantorats Lamspringe" must concerning, noted of CAN gate Joh.
Heinrich Ludwig Andreas, 1827. CAN gate 4. = Johann George stone wax,
selected 1755. It was suspended 1772 on a whole year because of
drunkennessness. 1775 it was frightened completely its service. Its
predecessor in office, CAN gate 3, Andreas Twelen, selected 1699, died to
19.3.1750. Steinwachs was since 1750 in Lamspringe, he nevertheless to
6.10.1751 as CAN gate is probably already called. Official Bestallungs -
documents were so far not found. House possession does not have it in
Lamspringe have over the his whereabouts and death to be missing the data,
also over its wife and in the year 1747 the child born in Suelbeck, whose
first name we also not.